Dandruff is an embarrassing problem. One that often gets aggravated as winter sets in. We’ll tell you how you can get rid of it!
What is dandruff?
Dandruff is shedding of the skin on the scalp, that leads to white flakes on the head, neck and shoulders.
Our skin cells continuously renew themselves. The new skin cells push the old ones to the surface and out of the scalp. In the case of a person with dandruff, the rate of renewal is faster – which means more dead skin is shed, making dandruff more noticeable. Some people with dandruff might also suffer from irritation, itch and redness on the scalp.
Excessive flaking could also be a sign of underlying conditions like psoriasis. Dandruff can also occur when the scalp is frequently exposed to extreme temperatures.
Signs and symptoms of dandruff:
The biggest sign will have to be white flakes on the scalp and hair. If the person is wearing dark-coloured clothing – flakes will be noticeable when they fall on the shoulders.
- An itchy scalp
- Sore scalp
- Greasy flakes
If you have dandruff pay attention to these tips:
- There are many over-the-counter anti-dandruff shampoos that contain varied ingredients to combat dandruff effectively. It’s best to pick one with any of the following ingredients: zinc pyrithione, selenium sulphide, coal tar, ketoconazole, salicylic acids, tea-tree oil, green tea.
- Shampoo your hair every day to prevent dead skin build-up on your scalp.
- Use an anti-dandruff shampoo twice a week, and use a mild shampoo on the other days of the week.
- When you wash your hair, apply shampoo, lather well, rinse and repeat again. Make sure you rub your scalp gently to dislodge any dead skin on your scalp. Also, if you are using an anti-dandruff shampoo add another step i.e.: apply shampoo, lather well, wait for 2 minutes and then rinse. This allows the shampoo time to work.
- In case you use a conditioner, make sure you only apply it on your hair and not the scalp. Also ensure you wash it off thoroughly, as any residue will only worsen your dandruff.
- Brush/comb your hair regularly. This will help routinely dislodge any dead skin on your scalp.
Some home remedies for dandruff:
- Make a mixture of 6 tsp. of water and 2 tsp. of vinegar and apply on scalp with cotton. Leave it on overnight and rinse. Do this once a week for about a month.
- Make a paste of soaked fenugreek seeds and curd. Apply on scalp and leave for half an hour and wash.
- Mix a tsp. of lime juice and 2 tsp. of vinegar and massage on the scalp. Wash after an hour.
If your dandruff is persistent even after a few weeks of such treatments – it is advisable to visit a dermatologist.